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Semaphorin-3a, neuropilin-1 and plexin-A1 in prosthetic-particle induced bone loss

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
196 12 2016 8 PDF Available
Title
Semaphorin-3a, neuropilin-1 and plexin-A1 in prosthetic-particle induced bone loss
Abstract

Peri-prosthetic osteolysis (PPO) occurs in response to prosthetic wear particles causing an inflammatory reaction in the surrounding tissue that leads to subsequent bone loss. Semaphorin-3a (SEM3A), neuropilin-1 (NRP1) and plexin-A1 (PLEXA1) are axonal guidance molecules that have been recently implicated in regulating bone metabolism. This study investigated SEM3A, NRP1 and PLEXA1 protein and mRNA expression in human PPO tissue and polyethylene (PE) particle-stimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC)-derived osteoclasts in vitro. In addition, the effects of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) on cultured osteoclasts was assessed. In PPO tissues, a granular staining pattern of SEM3A and NRP1 was observed within large multi-nucleated cells that contained prosthetic wear particles. Immunofluorescent staining confirmed the expression of SEM3A, NRP1 and PLEXA1 in large multi-nucleated human osteoclasts in vitro. Furthermore, SEM3A, NRP1 and PLEXA1 mRNA levels progressively increased throughout osteoclast differentiation induced by receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL), and the presence of PE particles further increased mRNA expression of all three molecules. Soluble SEM3A was detected in human osteoclast culture supernatant at days 7 and 17 of culture, as assessed by ELISA. TNFα treatment for 72 h markedly decreased the mRNA expression of SEM3A, NRP1 and PLEXA1 by human osteoclasts in vitro. Our findings suggest that SEM3A, NRP1 and PLEXA1 may have important roles in PPO, and their interactions, alone or as a complex, may have a role in pathological bone loss progression.Statement of SignificancePeri-prosthetic osteolysis occurs in response to prosthetic wear particles causing an inflammatory reaction in the surrounding tissue that leads to subsequent bone loss. The rate of hip and knee arthroplasty is increasing by at least 5% per year. However, these joint replacements have a finite lifespan, with data from the National Joint Replacement Registry (Australia) showing that the major cause of failure of total hip replacements is aseptic loosening. In aseptic loosening, wear particles liberated from prostheses are phagocytosed by macrophages, leading to release of inflammatory cytokines and up-regulation of osteoclast formation and activity. Semaphorin-3a, neuropilin-1 and plexin-A1 are axonal guidance molecules that have been recently implicated in regulating bone metabolism. This is the first report to show that these molecules may be involved in the implant failure.

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Keywords
Osteoclasts; Peri-prosthetic osteolysis; Semaphorin-3a; Neuropilin-1; Plexin-A1
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Semaphorin-3a, neuropilin-1 and plexin-A1 in prosthetic-particle induced bone loss
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 30, 15 January 2016, Pages 311–318
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us