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In vitro and in vivo bone formation potential of surface calcium phosphate-coated polycaprolactone and polycaprolactone/bioactive glass composite scaffolds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
197 12 2016 15 PDF Available
Title
In vitro and in vivo bone formation potential of surface calcium phosphate-coated polycaprolactone and polycaprolactone/bioactive glass composite scaffolds
Abstract

In this study, polycaprolactone (PCL)-based composite scaffolds containing 50 wt% of 45S5 Bioglass® (45S5) or strontium-substituted bioactive glass (SrBG) particles were fabricated into scaffolds using an additive manufacturing technique for bone tissue engineering purposes. The PCL scaffolds were surface coated with calcium phosphate (CaP) to enable further comparison of the osteoinductive potential of different scaffolds: PCL (control), PCL/CaP-coated, PCL/50-45S5 and PCL/50-SrBG scaffolds. The PCL/50-45S5 and PCL/50-SrBG composite scaffolds were reproducibly manufactured with a morphology highly resembling that of PCL only scaffolds. However, 50 wt% loading of the bioactive glass (BG) particles into the PCL bulk decreased the scaffold’s compressive Young’s modulus. Coating of PCL scaffolds with CaP had a negligible effect on the scaffold’s porosity and compressive Young’s modulus. When immersed in culture media, BG dissolution ions (Si and Sr) were detected for up to 10 weeks in the immersion media and surface precipitates were formed on both PCL/50-45S5 and PCL/50-SrBG scaffolds’ surfaces, indicating good in vitro bioactivity. In vitro cell studies were conducted using sheep bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) under non-osteogenic or osteogenic conditioned media, and under static or dynamic culture environments. All scaffolds were able to support cell adhesion, growth and proliferation. However, when cultured in non-osteogenic media, only PCL/CaP, PCL/50-45S5 and PCL/50-SrBG scaffolds showed an up-regulation of osteogenic gene expression. Additionally, under a dynamic culture environment, the rate of cell growth, proliferation and osteoblast-related gene expression was enhanced across all scaffold groups. Subsequently, PCL/CaP, PCL/50-45S5 and PCL/50-SrBG scaffolds, with or without seeded cells, were implanted subcutaneously into nude rats for the evaluation of osteoinductivity potential. After 8 and 16 weeks, host tissue infiltrated well into the scaffolds, but no mature bone formation was observed in any scaffolds groups.Statement of significanceThis novelty of this research work is that it provide a comprehensive comparison, both in vitro and in vivo, between 3 different composite materials widely used in the field of bone tissue engineering for their bone regeneration capabilities. The materials used in this study include polycaprolactone, 45S5 Bioglass, strontium-substituted bioactive glass and calcium phosphate. Additionally, the composite materials were fabricated into the form of 3D scaffolds using additive manufacturing technique, a widely used technique in tissue engineering.

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Keywords
Polycaprolactone; Bioactive glass; Strontium; 45S5 Bioglass; Bone tissue engineering
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In vitro and in vivo bone formation potential of surface calcium phosphate-coated polycaprolactone and polycaprolactone/bioactive glass composite scaffolds
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 30, 15 January 2016, Pages 319–333
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us