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Effect of natural and Lactobacillus plantarum fermentation on in-vitro protein and starch digestibilities of sorghum flour

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19768 43126 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Effect of natural and Lactobacillus plantarum fermentation on in-vitro protein and starch digestibilities of sorghum flour
Abstract

•Lactic acid bacteria seemed to be dominant microorganism in natural fermentation.•Natural and L. plantarum improved protein digestibility by 47% and 92%, respectively.•Natural and L. plantarum increased starch digestibility by 71% and 66%, respectively.•L. plantarum enhanced the increase of protein digestibility higher than starch digestibility.•Viscoamylograph confirmed that starches were liberated from the protein complex.

Sorghum flour was either naturally fermented or inoculated by Lactobacillus plantarum at 37 °C for 36 h. Changes in bacteria, pH, acidity, protein, in-vitro protein digestibility (IVPD), starch content and in-vitro starch digestibility (IVSD) were monitored every 4 h. Pasting properties were carried out only in the native sorghum flour, and two types of fermented flour with highest improved IVPD and IVSD. Results showed that both fermentation types increased total bacteria by 5 log, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) by 5 log, and proteolytic bacteria by 2–3 log cycles. The pH decreased from 5 to 3 with the increased of titratable acidity. Natural and L. plantarum fermentations for 36 h improved IVPD by 46.89% and 92.08%, respectively, and increased IVSD by 71.48% and 65.63%, respectively. The highest IVSD enhancement (78.69%) was shown by L. plantarum for 28 h. Fermentation decreased gelatinization temperature (GT), increased peak viscosity (PV) and hot paste viscosity (HPV). The greatest improved viscosities were shown by L. plantarum.

Keywords
Sorghum flour; Fermentation; Protein digestibility; Starch digestibility
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Effect of natural and Lactobacillus plantarum fermentation on in-vitro protein and starch digestibilities of sorghum flour
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food Bioscience - Volume 2, June 2013, Pages 46–52
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us