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Copper-doped mesoporous silica nanospheres, a promising immunomodulatory agent for inducing osteogenesis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
198 12 2016 11 PDF Available
Title
Copper-doped mesoporous silica nanospheres, a promising immunomodulatory agent for inducing osteogenesis
Abstract

The application of mesoporous silica nanospheres (MSNs) loaded with drugs/growth factors to induce osteogenic differentiation of stem cells has been trialed by a number of researchers recently. However, limitations such as high cost, complex fabrication and unintended side effects from supraphysiological concentrations of the drugs/growth factors represent major obstacles to any potential clinical application in the near term. In this study we reported an in situ one-pot synthesis strategy of MSNs doped with hypoxia-inducing copper ions and systematically evaluated the nanospheres by in vitro biological assessments. The Cu-containing mesoporous silica nanospheres (Cu-MSNs) had uniform spherical morphology (∼100 nm), ordered mesoporous channels (∼2 nm) and homogeneous Cu distribution. Cu-MSNs demonstrated sustained release of both silicon (Si) and Cu ions and controlled degradability. The Cu-MSNs were phagocytized by immune cells and appeared to modulate a favorable immune environment by initiating proper pro-inflammatory cytokines, inducing osteogenic/angiogenic factors and suppressing osteoclastogenic factors by the immune cells. The immune microenvironment induced by the Cu-MSNs led to robust osteogenic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) via the activation of Oncostation M (OSM) pathway. These results suggest that the novel Cu-MSNs could be used as an immunomodulatory agent with osteostimulatory capacity for bone regeneration/therapy application.Statement of significanceIn order to stimulate both osteogenesis and angiogenesis of stem cells for further bone regeneration, a new kind of hypoxia-inducing copper doped mesoporous silica nanospheres (Cu-MSNs) were prepared via one-pot synthesis. Biological assessments under immune environment which better reflect the in vivo response revealed that the nanospheres possessed osteostimulatory capacity and had potential as immunomodulatory agent for bone regeneration/therapy application. The strategy of introducing controllable amount of therapeutic ions instead of loading expensive drugs/growth factors in mesoporous silica nanosphere provides new options for bioactive nanomaterial functionalization.

Graphical abstractCu-MSN nanospheres with beneficial immunomodulation for osteogenesis.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (158 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles; Copper; Macrophage; BMSC; Bone repair
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 30, 15 January 2016, Pages 334–344
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us