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Impact of extrusion parameters on the properties of rice products: A physicochemical and X-ray tomography study

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19906 43143 2015 12 PDF Available
Title
Impact of extrusion parameters on the properties of rice products: A physicochemical and X-ray tomography study
Abstract

•A wide range of product structures was obtained by extrusion of rice flour.•At 23% moisture in extruder, products are less porous with larger protein aggregates than at 17%.•At 150 °C, protein aggregates are smaller and walls are thinner than at 120 °C.•Size of protein aggregates depends on the energy of bonds created during extrusion.•The texture of extruded rice is driven by these different levels of structure.

Rice pellets were produced by extrusion according to an experimental design varying temperature (120–135–150 °C), moisture content (17–20–23%) and screw speed (300–400–500 rpm). The internal expanded structure of the pellets was assessed by X-ray tomography and texture with a texture analyser. The extent of starch depolymerisation and the types of protein depolymerisation/interactions were studied in complement to the starch–proteins morphology assessed by microscopy. The physico-chemical properties of the pellets were mainly affected by moisture and temperature, with moisture having the highest impact. High moisture content (23%) resulted in higher mean walls thickness of the extruded pellet, less starch depolymerisation, more protein aggregation through disulfide bonds and harder pellets. The internal expanded structure and texture of the rice pellets were mainly explained by protein changes and less by the extent of starch depolymerisation in this study. When proteins mainly interacted through medium energy interactions (disulfide bonds), protein aggregates were larger, cells walls thicker and pellets were less porous and harder with more fracture events. On the contrary, when proteins interacted through low energy (hydrogen and hydrophobic bonds) and high energy bonds (unextractable proteins), proteins were more depolymerised and aggregates were smaller and finely distributed, cells walls thinner and pellets were less hard with less fracture events.

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Keywords
Extrusion; Rice; Starch; Protein; Microstructure; X-ray tomography; Texture
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Impact of extrusion parameters on the properties of rice products: A physicochemical and X-ray tomography study
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food Structure - Volume 6, October 2015, Pages 29–40
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us