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Fibre enrichment of wheat bread with Jerusalem artichoke inulin: Effect on dough rheology and bread quality

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19934 43147 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Fibre enrichment of wheat bread with Jerusalem artichoke inulin: Effect on dough rheology and bread quality
Abstract

•White bread was enriched with dietary fibre, by addition of inulin to wheat flour.•Inulins from Jerusalem artichoke and chicory tubers, at two levels each, were used.•Highest level decreased dough strength due to disruption of starch–gluten matrix.•It impaired gas retention, decreasing bread volume and increasing crumb hardness.•The lowest inulin level did not affect quality and sensory attributes of bread.

Dietary fibre enrichment of white bread with inulin-rich carbohydrate (IRC) powder extracted from Jerusalem artichoke tubers (IRC-J) was studied. Previously, it was shown that this IRC-J powder had higher prebiotic activity score than a commercial chicory inulin (IRC-C) powder, used for comparison. For bread making, 2.5 and 5.0 g of either IRC-J or IRC-C were added to 100 g of wheat flour, and the effects on dough viscoelastic properties and bread quality properties were analyzed, relative to a Control sample (no IRC added). The lowest IRC concentration of both fibres had no significant effect on the elastic modulus (G′) of the dough, but the highest IRC level decreased G′, with a stronger effect of IRC-J. This was attributed to disruption of the starch–gluten matrix due to fibre replacement of flour. In turn, this was thought to impair gas retention (known as diluting effect), resulting in the observed decrease of bread specific volume and cell/total area ratio, and the increase in crumb hardness and chewiness. IRC addition also had a significant effect on crumb and crust colour, and other crumb grain features. These effects were more significant at the highest IRC concentration of both fibres. Breads with 5.0 g of IRC-J were significantly darker, flatter, and more humid. All the sensory attributes of breads with 0 (Control sample), 2.5 g IRC-J, and 2.5 g IRC-C were acceptable, and no significant differences were found between the three samples, in any of the attributes.

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Keywords
Dietary fibre; Inulin; Wheat flour; Dough; Bread
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food Structure - Volume 3, January 2015, Pages 21–29
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us