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Structure and function of food products: A review ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19947 43149 2014 21 PDF Available
Title
Structure and function of food products: A review ☆
Abstract

A proper understanding of the behavior of food products requires knowledge of its structure, i.e., the spatial arrangement of the various structural elements and their interactions. The structure can properly be studied by visual observation techniques. In products such as fat spreads, creams, dressings, cheese, bread, milk, yoghurt, whipped cream, and ice cream, different structural elements can be distinguished. A number of those elements are discussed, viz., water droplets, oil droplets, gas cells, particles, fat crystals and strands. In addition examples of interactions between structural elements are presented, viz., oil droplets/matrix, protein/protein, protein carbohydrate, and fat crystal/fat crystal interactions. Finally, it is indicated how these elements cooperate in the formation of structure and contribute to function and macroscopic behavior of food products. Particular attention is given to fat spreads, processed cheese, protein gelation, and examples of the mutual interaction of milk proteins and of carbohydrates with milk proteins. It is expected that a proper understanding of the relation between structure and function will help us to design new ways of structuring in our continuing efforts to manufacture high quality, healthy and tasty food products.

Keywords
Structure; Function; Food products; Structural elements; Interaction; Fat spreads; Processed cheese; Protein gelation; β-Lactoglobulin; κ-Carrageenan; Milk proteins
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Structure and function of food products: A review ☆
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food Structure - Volume 1, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages 3–23
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us