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Improvement of lipid content of Chlorella minutissima MCC 5 for biodiesel production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19958 43150 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Improvement of lipid content of Chlorella minutissima MCC 5 for biodiesel production
Abstract

•Maximization of biomass production by single parameter optimization.•Relative effectiveness of each parameter towards biomass production using Taguchi model.•Determination of activation energy of Chlorella minutissima MCC 5.•Enhancement of lipid content of C. minutissima MCC 5 under nitrate and phosphate limited condition.•Suitability of C. minutissima MCC 5 as a feedstock for biodiesel production.

Lipids extracted from microalgae have been considered as a potential source for the production of biodiesel. Enhancement of lipid has the limitations of low biomass productivity. So, the main objective of the present study was to deduce suitable conditions for the improvement of biomass production followed by enhancement of lipid content. After optimization, a strategy for two stage cultivation was utilized where high lipid content was obtained with a high biomass concentration. Optimization of biomass production of Chlorella minutissima MCC 5 was carried out under different intensities of light, temperatures, concentrations of nitrate and phosphate using Taguchi model. A suitable synergy of the four parameters yielded maximum biomass (1.93 g L−1) in airlift reactor. Temperature was found to be relatively effective than other parameters for higher biomass production. Activation energy for the cell growth was determined (47.95 kJ mol−1). Among the various (photo, thermal, nitrate and phosphate) stress conditions studied, nitrate limitation (1 mM) was found to be suitable for the enhancement of lipid resulting highest yield (48.26% w/w). Two stage cultivation of the microalgae yielded a maximum lipid content of 46% w/w with a biomass concentration of 2.2 g L−1. Additionally, FAME analysis exhibited significant increase of oleic acid in the biodiesel. So, C. minutissima MCC 5 cultivated under nitrate stress could be a possible feedstock for biodiesel production.

Keywords
Chlorella minutissima MCC 5; Biodiesel; Temperature; Biomass; Lipid
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 122, Issue 3, September 2016, Pages 294–300
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us