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Comparison of electrochemical and microbiological characterization of microbial fuel cells equipped with SPEEK and Nafion membrane electrode assemblies

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19962 43150 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Comparison of electrochemical and microbiological characterization of microbial fuel cells equipped with SPEEK and Nafion membrane electrode assemblies
Abstract

Microbial fuel cells equipped with SPEEK-MEA (SPEEK-MFC) and Nafion-MEA (Nafion-MFC) were constructed with organic waste as electron donor and lake sediment as inoculum and were then evaluated comprehensively by electrochemical and microbial analyses. The proton conductivity of SPEEK was several hundreds-fold lower than that of Nafion 117, whereas the oxygen mass and diffusion transfer coefficients of SPEEK were 10-fold lower than those of Nafion 117. It was difficult to predict which was better membrane for MFC based on the feature of membrane. Analyses of polarization curves indicated that the potential of electricity production was similar in both MFCs, as the SPEEK-MFC produced 50–80% of the practical current density generated by the Nafion-MFC. Chronopotentiometry analyses indicated that the Nafion-MEA kept the performance longer than the SPEEK-MEA for long period, whereas performance of both anodes improved on time. Multidimensional scaling analyses based on DGGE profiles revealed the anolytic and biofilm communities of the SPEEK-MFC had developed differently from those of the Nafion-MFC. Clone library analyses indicated that Geobacter spp. represented 6.3% of the biofilm bacterial community in the Nafion-MFC but not detected in the SPEEK-MFC. Interestingly, the clone closely related to Acetobacterium malicum strain HAAP-1, belonging to the homoacetogens, became dominant in both anolytic and biofilm communities of the SPEEK-MFC. It was suggested that the lower proton conductivity of SPEEK-MEA allowed the bacteria closely related to strain HAAP-1 to be dominant specifically in SPEEK-MFC. These results indicated that Nafion-MFC ranked with SPEEK-MFC and that MEAs had strong selective pressure for electricity-producing bacterial community.

Keywords
Microbial fuel cell; Membrane electrode assembly; Bacterial community structure; SPEEK
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Comparison of electrochemical and microbiological characterization of microbial fuel cells equipped with SPEEK and Nafion membrane electrode assemblies
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 122, Issue 3, September 2016, Pages 322–328
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us