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Hierarchically structured titanium foams for tissue scaffold applications

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2004 97 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Hierarchically structured titanium foams for tissue scaffold applications
Abstract

We present a novel route for producing a new class of titanium foams for use in biomedical implant applications. These foams are hierarchically porous, with both the traditional large (>300 μm) highly interconnected pores and, uniquely, wall struts also containing micron scale (0.5–5 μm) interconnected porosities. The fabrication method consists of first producing a porous oxide precursor via a gel casting method, followed by electrochemical reduction to produce a metallic foam. This method offers the unique ability to tailor the porosity at several scales independently, unlike traditional space-holder techniques. Reducing the pressure during foam setting increased the macro-pore size. The intra-strut pore size (and percentage) can be controlled independently of macro-pore size by altering the ceramic loading and sintering temperature during precursor production. Typical properties for an 80% porous Ti foam were a modulus of ∼1 GPa, a yield strength of 8 MPa and a permeability of 350 Darcies, all of which are in the range required for biomedical implant applications. We also demonstrate that the micron scale intra-strut porosities can be exploited to allow infiltration of bioactive materials using a novel bioactive silica–polymer composite, resulting in a metal–bioactive silica–polymer composite.

Keywords
Hierarchical titanium foams; Biomedical implants; Molten salt electrolysis; X-ray microtomography; Spinal fusion
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 12, December 2010, Pages 4596–4604
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us