Corrosion fatigue behaviors of two biomedical Mg alloys – AZ91D and WE43 – In simulated body fluid
Magnesium alloys have been recently developed as biodegradable implant materials, yet there has been no study concerning their corrosion fatigue properties under cyclic loading. In this study the die-cast AZ91D (A for aluminum 9%, Z for zinc 1% and D for a fourth phase) and extruded WE43 (W for yttrium 4%, E for rare earth mischmetal 3%) alloys were chosen to evaluate their fatigue and corrosion fatigue behaviors in simulated body fluid (SBF). The die-cast AZ91D alloy indicated a fatigue limit of 50 MPa at 107 cycles in air compared to 20 MPa at 106 cycles tested in SBF at 37 °C. A fatigue limit of 110 MPa at 107 cycles in air was observed for extruded WE43 alloy compared to 40 MPa at 107 cycles tested in SBF at 37 °C. The fatigue cracks initiated from the micropores when tested in air and from corrosion pits when tested in SBF, respectively. The overload zone of the extruded WE43 alloy exhibited a ductile fracture mode with deep dimples, in comparison to a brittle fracture mode for the die-cast AZ91D. The corrosion rate of the two experimental alloys increased under cyclic loading compared to that in the static immersion test.
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 12, December 2010, Pages 4605–4613