Comparison of genetic structures and biochemical properties of tandem cutinase-type polyesterases from Thermobifida alba AHK119
This study described the genetic map of tandem genes (est1 and est119) encoding cutinase-type polyesterases in Thermobifida alba AHK119 and comparison of wild type and mutant enzymes of Est1 and Est119. Two genes were independently and constitutively expressed. The activity of Est1 was higher by approximately 1.6–1.7-fold than that of Est119 towards p-nitrophenyl butyrate, although both enzymes shared 95% sequence identity and 98% similarity and possessed similar 3D structures except that several amino acids in the probable substrate-docking loops were different from each other. Calcium ion enhanced the activity and the thermostability of both enzymes. Based on conserved sequences among Thermobifida cutinases, valine, proline and lysine were introduced into Est1 at Ala68, Thr253 and Met256, respectively. Among wild and mutant enzymes of Est119 and Est1, Est1 (A68V/T253P) possessed three prolines in the substrate-docking loops and displayed the highest thermostability that spotlighted the important effect of proline numbers in the loops. Est1 (A68V/T253P) was stable for 1 h below 60°C and even at 65°C, more than 70% and 50% activities were maintained after 30 and 60 min, respectively. Est1 (A68V/T253P) degraded various aliphatic and aliphatic-co-aromatic polyesters and hydrophilized an amorphous PET film. The enzyme hydrolyzed a PET trimer model compound, indicating its specificity towards an ester bond between terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol.
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 120, Issue 5, November 2015, Pages 491–497