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Putative endoglucanase PcGH5 from Phanerochaete chrysosporium is a β-xylosidase that cleaves xylans in synergistic action with endo-xylanase

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
20228 43164 2015 5 PDF Available
Title
Putative endoglucanase PcGH5 from Phanerochaete chrysosporium is a β-xylosidase that cleaves xylans in synergistic action with endo-xylanase
Abstract

•A novel β-xylosidase (PcXyl5) belonging in glycoside hydrolase family 5 was cloned and characterized.•rPcXyl5 completely hydrolyzed xylo-oligomers to xylose and performed transglycosylation.•rPcXyl5 enhanced xylans and pretreated barley straw saccharification in synergy with endo-xylanase.

A predicted endoglucanase gene (PcGH5) was cloned from Phanerochaete chysosporium, and expressed in Pichia pastoris. Although PcGH5 showed similarity with the conserved domains of a cellulase superfamily GH5, a β-glucosidase/6-phospho-β-glucosidase/β-galactosidase superfamily, and an endoglucanase, recombinant PcGH5 exhibited a β-xylosidase activity, rather than endoglucanase activity. Therefore, the predicted gene was named as PcXyl5. Further characterization of recombinant PcXyl5 showed not only catalysis of the hydrolysis of xylo-oligomers to xylose, but also displayed transglycosylation activity using alcohol as a receptor. Optimum pH of rPcXyl5 was found to be 5.5, whereas optimum temperature was 50°C. rPcXyl5 increased reducing sugar release of birchwood xylan, beechwood xylan, and arabinoxylan by 6.4%, 13%, 15.8%, respectively, in synergistic action with endo-xylanase. Interestingly, the late addition of rPcXyl5 into reaction with endo-xylanase resulted in a larger increase of reducing sugar release from pretreated barley straw that addition at the start or by treatment with endo-xylanases alone. The increases observed were 6.3% and 13.8%, respectively, showing a great potential application for hemicellulose saccharification.

Keywords
Xylosidase; Glycoside hydrolase family 5; Xylan; Hemicellulose; Phanerochaete chrysosporium
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Putative endoglucanase PcGH5 from Phanerochaete chrysosporium is a β-xylosidase that cleaves xylans in synergistic action with endo-xylanase
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 119, Issue 4, April 2015, Pages 416–420
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us