Polyphasic characterization of an anaerobic hexachlorobenzene-dechlorinating microbial consortium with a wide dechlorination spectrum for chlorobenzenes
An anaerobic consortium that was capable of reductively dechlorinating hexachlorobenzene (HCB) to benzene was enriched from contaminated sediment. The consortium was capable of dechlorinating all chlorobenzene isomers except 1,4-dichlorobenzene. Singly and doubly flanked chlorines, as well as unflanked meta-substituted chlorines, were dechlorinated, although doubly flanked chlorines were preferred. Formate, acetate and lactate (but not ethanol) could be utilized as optimum electron donors for reductive dechlorination. Alternative electron acceptors, including nitrate and sulfate, completely inhibited HCB degradation, whereas amorphous iron oxide (FeOOH) did not suppress dechlorination activity. No degradation was found in chloramphenicol-treated consortium; however, vancomycin, molybdate, and 2-bromoethanesulfonate did not inhibit HCB dechlorination. The results of inhibitory treatments suggested that the dechlorinators were non-sulfate-reducing gram-negative or vancomycin resistant gram-positive bacteria. In addition to physiological characterization, analyses of 16S rRNA gene library of the consortium and quantitative PCR of 16S rRNA genes suggested that Dehalococcoides sp. was involved in the reductive dechlorination of HCB, and Geobacter sp. may serve as a dechlorinating candidate.
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 120, Issue 1, July 2015, Pages 62–68