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Biosynthesis of 1,3-propanediol from glycerol with Lactobacillus reuteri: Effect of operating variables

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
20351 43170 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Biosynthesis of 1,3-propanediol from glycerol with Lactobacillus reuteri: Effect of operating variables
Abstract

•Enhanced 1,3-PD production from glycerol by co-fermentation with glucose.•A final concentration of 65.3 g/l was obtained in repeated fed-batch fermentation.•It is the highest reported concentration of 1,3-PD for this strain.•The yield of 1,3-PD based on glycerol was close to the theoretical maximum value.•The study has given insight to further improve the co-fermentation process.

Chemical synthesis of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD) is environmentally unfriendly and hence its microbial production is preferred, especially for biomedical, cosmetic and textile applications. In this work, production of 1,3-PD by co-fermentation of glucose and glycerol by Lactobacillus reuteri was investigated under different cultivation conditions such as aeration, acetate concentration and different molar ratios of glucose/glycerol. The final concentration of 1,3-PD and yield attained under unaerated conditions was close to that obtained under anaerobic conditions. Addition of acetate in the initial medium at 5 g/l increased the productivity of 1,3-PD but above this concentration it was found to be inhibitory. Batch reactor experiments showed that the molar ratio of glucose and glycerol in the medium affected the fermentation pattern. The effect of molar ratios was further investigated in fed-batch fermentation and the optimum ratio was found to be 1.5. In repeated fed-batch fermentation with co-feeding of glucose and glycerol in the molar ratio of 1.5, 1,3-PD concentration reached up to 65.3 g/l, which is the highest 1,3-PD concentration reported so far for this strain. The yield (0.97 mol/mol) based on glycerol utilized also approached the theoretical value (1 mol/mol).

Keywords
Glycerol; 1,3-Propanediol; Lactobacillus reuteri; Unaerated; Fed-batch; Co-fermentation
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Biosynthesis of 1,3-propanediol from glycerol with Lactobacillus reuteri: Effect of operating variables
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 118, Issue 2, August 2014, Pages 188–194
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us