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Impact of oral administration of compost extract on gene expression in the rat gastrointestinal tract

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
20573 43181 2012 6 PDF Available
Title
Impact of oral administration of compost extract on gene expression in the rat gastrointestinal tract
Abstract

Oral administration of an extract consisting of compost fermented with thermophiles to pigs reduces the incidence of stillbirth and promotes piglet growth. However, the mechanism by which the compost extract modulates the physiological conditions of the animals remains largely unknown. Here, we investigate the effects of compost extract on the physiological responses in the intestine of a mammalian rat model. The level of fecal immunoglobulin A (IgA), which provides protection against pathogens and is secreted from the small intestine, was significantly higher in rats treated with continuous administration of the compost extract than in untreated rats after 2 months, but not after 1 month. However, the fecal IgA level was not significantly different in rats that received the filtered compost extract compared with the untreated rats or the rats that received the compost extract. Gene expression analyses of the small intestine indicated that several immune-related genes were upregulated following compost exposure. Specifically, the expression levels of lymphocyte chemoattractant chemokine CXCL13 and Granzyme B, which is released within cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells, increased in the small intestinal tract following compost exposure. Based on these observations, it was postulated that the increased level of fecal IgA following compost exposure was associated with the expression of CXCL13 and Granzyme B in the intestinal tract. Thus, thermophile-fermented compost could contain microbes or substances that activate the rat's gut mucosal immune response.

Keywords
Compost; Thermophilic bacteria; Intestine; Immunoglobulin A (IgA); Immune
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Impact of oral administration of compost extract on gene expression in the rat gastrointestinal tract
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 114, Issue 5, November 2012, Pages 500–505
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us