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Chitosan/apatite composite beads prepared by in situ generation of apatite or Si-apatite nanocrystals

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2059 99 2010 11 PDF Available
Title
Chitosan/apatite composite beads prepared by in situ generation of apatite or Si-apatite nanocrystals
Abstract

The objective of this work was to develop nanocrystalline apatite (Ap) dispersed in a chitosan (CHI) matrix as a material for applications in bone tissue engineering. CHI/Ap composites of different weight ratios (20/80, 50/50 and 80/20) and with CHI of different molecular weights were prepared by a biomimetic stepwise route. Firstly, CaHPO4·2H2O (DCPD) crystals were precipitated from Ca(CH3COO)2 and NaHPO4 in the bulk CHI solution, followed by the formation of CHI/DCPD beads by coacervation. The beads were treated with Na3PO4/Na5P3O10 solution (pH 12–13) to crosslink the CHI and to hydrolyse the DCPD to nanocrystalline Ap. This new experimental procedure ensured that complete conversion of DCPD into sodium-substituted apatite was achieved without appreciable increases in its crystallinity and particle size. In addition, composites with silicon-doped Ap were prepared by substituting Na3PO4 by Na2SiO3 in the crosslinking/hydrolysis step. Characterization of the resultant composites by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermal analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed the formation, within the CHI matrix, of nanoparticles of sodium- and carbonate-substituted hydroxyapatite [Ca10–xNax(PO4)6–x(CO3)x(OH)2] with diameters less than 20 nm. Relatively good correspondence was shown between the experimentally determined inorganic content and that expected theoretically. Structural data obtained from its XRD patterns revealed a decrease in both crystal domain size and cell parameters of Ap formed in situ with increasing CHI content. It was found that the molecular weight of CHI and silicate doping both affected the nucleation and growth of apatite nanocrystallites. These effects are discussed in detail.

Keywords
Chitosan; Hydroxyapatite; Nanocomposite; Silicate
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Chitosan/apatite composite beads prepared by in situ generation of apatite or Si-apatite nanocrystals
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 2, February 2010, Pages 466–476
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us