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Inhibition of quorum sensing in gram-negative bacteria by alkylamine-modified cyclodextrins

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
20617 43183 2013 5 PDF Available
Title
Inhibition of quorum sensing in gram-negative bacteria by alkylamine-modified cyclodextrins
Abstract

N-Acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs) are used as quorum-sensing (QS) signals by gram-negative bacteria. We have reported that the cyclic oligosaccharides known as cyclodextrins (CDs) form inclusion complexes with AHLs and disrupt QS signaling. In this study, a series of CD derivatives were designed and synthesized to improve the QS inhibitory activity over that of native CDs. The production of the red pigment prodigiosin by Serratia marcescens AS-1, which is regulated by AHL-mediated QS, was drastically decreased by adding 10 mg/ml 6-alkylacylamino-β-CD with an alkyl chain ranging from C7 to C12. An improvement in the QS inhibitory activity was also observed for 6-alkylamino-α- or γ-CDs and 2-alkylamino-CDs. Furthermore, 6,6′-dioctylamino-β-CD, which contains two octylamino groups, exhibited greater inhibitory activity than 6-monooctylamino-β-CD. The synthesized CD derivatives also had strong inhibitory effects on QS by other gram-negative bacteria, including Chromobacterium violaceum and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The synthetic alkylamine-modified CD derivatives had higher equilibrium binding constants for binding with AHL than the native CDs did, consistent with the improved QS inhibition. 1H NMR measurements suggested that the alkyl side chains of 6-alkylacylamino-β-CDs with alkyl chains up to 6 carbon atoms long could form self-inclusion complexes with the CD unit.

Keywords
Quorum sensing; Acylhomoserine lactone; Cyclodextrin; Inhibition; Inclusion complex
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Inhibition of quorum sensing in gram-negative bacteria by alkylamine-modified cyclodextrins
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 116, Issue 2, August 2013, Pages 175–179
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us