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Characterization of an extremely thermostable but cold-adaptive β-galactosidase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus for use as a recombinant aggregation for batch lactose degradation at high temperature

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
20641 43184 2014 5 PDF Available
Title
Characterization of an extremely thermostable but cold-adaptive β-galactosidase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus for use as a recombinant aggregation for batch lactose degradation at high temperature
Abstract

β-Galactosidase (lactase), which catalyzes the hydrolysis of lactose into glucose and galactose, is one of the most important enzymes used in dairy processing. In this study, a gene that encoded an extremely thermostable β-galactosidase from Pyrococcus furiosus (Pflactase) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21. The recombinant enzyme was purified by heat treatment and Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. The enzyme displayed optimal activity at 90°C and pH 7.0 in phosphate buffer. The specific activity of the recombinant enzyme on o-nitrophenyl-β-d-galactopyranoside was 10.2 U/mg at 0°C and 130.0dU/mg at 90°C. The half-lives of the enzyme were 31423.4, 8168.3, 4017.7, 547.4, 309.6, and 203.5 min at 70°C, 80°C, 85°C, 90°C, 95°C, and 100°C, respectively. The recombinant enzyme exhibited both β-galactosidase and β-glucosidase activity. The active inclusion bodies of β-galactosidase were easily isolated by nonionic detergent treatment and directly used for lactose conversion in a repetitive batch mode. More than 54% (90°C) or 88% (10°C) of the original enzyme activity was retained after 10 conversion cycles under optimum conditions. These results suggest that the recombinant thermostable β-galactosidase may be suitable for the hydrolysis of lactose in milk processing.

Keywords
Thermophilic enzyme; Cold-adaptive enzyme; β-Galactosidase; Lactase; Pyrococcus furiosus; Inclusion body
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Characterization of an extremely thermostable but cold-adaptive β-galactosidase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus for use as a recombinant aggregation for batch lactose degradation at high temperature
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 117, Issue 6, June 2014, Pages 706–710
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us