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Involvement of methionine salvage pathway genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the production of precursor compounds of dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS)

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
20664 43185 2013 5 PDF Available
Title
Involvement of methionine salvage pathway genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the production of precursor compounds of dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS)
Abstract

Dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS) is one of the components responsible for the unpalatable aroma of stale Japanese sake, called “hineka”. Recently, a precursor compound of DMTS, 1,2-dihydroxy-5-(methylsulfinyl)pentan-3-one (DMTS-P1), was identified. It was speculated that the yeast methionine salvage pathway (MTA cycle) might participate in the formation of DMTS-P1, because the chemical structure of DMTS-P1 was similar to one of the intermediate compounds of that pathway. Here, we carried out sake brewing tests using laboratory yeast strains with disrupted MTA cycle genes and found that DMTS-P1 was hardly produced by Δmeu1, Δmri1, and Δmde1 strains. Furthermore, the DMTS producing potential (production of DMTS during storage of sake) decreased in sake made with Δmri1 and Δmde1. We constructed sake yeast strains with a disrupted MRI1 or MDE1 gene and confirmed a decline in the DMTS-P1 content and DMTS producing potential of sake made with these disruptants. The results of sake brewing tests using MTA cycle disruptants suggested that SPE2 is responsible for the production of DMTS precursors other than DMTS-P1: although the DMTS-P1 content was higher in Δspe2 sake than in Δmri1 or Δmde1 sake, the DMTS producing potential of Δspe2 sake was as low as that of Δmri1 or Δmde1 sake. Sake brewing tests using BY4743 Δspe2 Δmri1 double disruptants revealed that the DMTS producing potential was further decreased as compared with the Δspe2 or Δmri1 single disruptant. These results suggest that MRI1, MDE1, and SPE2 are promising targets for breeding yeast to suppress the formation of DMTS during storage of sake.

Keywords
Dimethyl trisulfide; 1,2-Dihydroxy-5-(methylsulfinyl)pentan-3-one; Methionine salvage pathway; Hineka; Sake; Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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Involvement of methionine salvage pathway genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the production of precursor compounds of dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS)
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 116, Issue 4, October 2013, Pages 475–479
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us