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Determination of the temperature rise within UHMWPE tibial components during tribological loading

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2069 99 2010 11 PDF Available
Title
Determination of the temperature rise within UHMWPE tibial components during tribological loading
Abstract

The wear of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is considered as one of the major reasons for revision of artificial joints. While in vivo measurements have shown a significant temperature increase in knee implants, the amount of heat dissipated within the UHMWPE tibial component and its influence on the friction behavior when paired with a cobalt–chromium (CoCrMo) femoral component is unknown. Our goal was to address these questions by measuring the temperature rise over a wide range of tribological loading conditions that mimic certain spots on artificial knee joints. The temperature rise as a function of lubricant, sliding velocity, coefficient of friction and maximum load was determined and analyzed. Additionally, the heat gradient during constant loading was investigated that allows the calculation of heat flow. The test setup consists of a wheel-on-flat laboratory testing device. Tests were performed in ambient air and different lubricants. During the tests, the temperature rise in the polyethylene was recorded with embedded thermocouples. The temperature rise was high and shown to be directly linked to load, coefficient of friction and relative velocity. Because it is generally assumed that the applied energy is an indicator for the development of wear in particles, some considerations for the design of knee joints are proposed based on our observations. The amount of heat dissipated in the polyethylene under cyclic loading was measured and is discussed in comparison with the theoretical model of temperature in friction pairs.

Keywords
UHMWPE; Artificial joints; Knee replacement; Contact temperature; Frictional heating
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Determination of the temperature rise within UHMWPE tibial components during tribological loading
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 2, February 2010, Pages 552–562
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us