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Arabidopsis β1,2-xylosyltransferase: Substrate specificity and participation in the plant-specific N-glycosylation pathway

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
20786 43191 2012 7 PDF Available
Title
Arabidopsis β1,2-xylosyltransferase: Substrate specificity and participation in the plant-specific N-glycosylation pathway
Abstract

β1,2-Xylosyltransferase (XYLT) is a plant-specific glycosyltransferase that contributes to the biosynthesis of N-glycoproteins in plants. However, the specificity of XYLT for N-glycans has not yet been completely clarified. To gain insights into the function of XYLT in the plant N-glycosylation pathway, we examined the acceptor substrate specificity of recombinant Arabidopsis XYLT (AtXYLT) using 2-aminopyridine-labeled N-glycans as the substrates and confirmed the N-glycans of Arabidopsis xylt mutant. Recombinant AtXYLT expressed in insect cells required the β1,2-linked N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residue at the nonreducing terminus of the α1,3-branched mannose (Man) residue (GlcNAcβ1,2-Manα1,3-Man; GNM3B) for activity. However, AtXYLT showed decreased activity with substrates that contained α1,3-fucose at the chitobiose core-GlcNAc or a terminal GlcNAc at the α1,6-branched Man residue of GlcNAcβ1,2-Man (GlcNAcβ1,2-Manα1,6-Man; GNM3A), whose ratios were 10% and 50% of the optimal substrate, GNM3B, respectively. Moreover, AtXYLT did not show any activity in the transfer of the Xyl residue to N-glycans that contained a mammalian-type β1,4-linked galactose (Gal) residue at the nonreducing terminus of GlcNAcβ1,2-Man. These results indicate that a β1,2-linked GlcNAc residue at the nonreducing terminus of an α1,3-branched Man residue is necessary for AtXYLT activity and that mammalian-type β1,4-linked Gal residue(s) on the same branch completely inhibit(s) the activity. Furthermore, N-glycan analysis showed that approximately 30% of the N-glycans carry the Xyl residue in the wild type. These findings suggest that AtXYLT acts on protein-bound N-glycans prior to α1,3-fucosyltransferase and mannosidase II in planta.

Keywords
Plant N-glycosylation; Arabidopsis β1,2-Xylosyltransferase; β1,2-Xylosylation; N-glycan; Baculovirus
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Arabidopsis β1,2-xylosyltransferase: Substrate specificity and participation in the plant-specific N-glycosylation pathway
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 113, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 48–54
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us