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Electrically polarized HAp-coated Ti: In vitro bone cell–material interactions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2079 99 2010 11 PDF Available
Title
Electrically polarized HAp-coated Ti: In vitro bone cell–material interactions
Abstract

Electrically polarized bulk sintered hydroxyapatite (HAp) compacts have been shown to accelerate mineralization and bone tissue ingrowth in vivo. In this work, a comprehensive study has been carried out to investigate the influence of surface charge and polarity on in vitro bone cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation on electrically polarized HAp-coated Ti. Uniform and crack free sol–gel derived HAp coatings of 20 ± 1.38 μm thickness were polarized by application of an external d.c. field of 2.0 kV cm−1 at 400 °C for 1h. In vitro bioactivity of polarized HAp coatings was evaluated by soaking in simulated body fluid, and bone cell–material interactions were studied by culturing with human fetal osteoblast cells (hFOB) for a maximum period of 11 days. Scanning electron microscopic observation showed that accelerated mineralization on negatively charged surfaces favored rapid cell attachment and faster tissue ingrowth over non-polarized HAp coating surfaces, while positive charge on HAp coating surfaces restricted apatite nucleation with limited cellular response. Immunochemistry and confocal microscopy confirmed that the cell adhesion and early stage differentiation were more pronounced on negatively charged coating surfaces as hFOB cells expressed higher vinculin and alkaline phosphatase proteins on negatively charged surface compared to cells grown on all other surfaces. Our results in this study are process independent and potentially applicable to any other commercially available coating techniques.

Keywords
HAp coating; Polarization; Surface charge; Charge polarity; In vitro studies
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Electrically polarized HAp-coated Ti: In vitro bone cell–material interactions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 2, February 2010, Pages 641–651
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us