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Batch fermentative hydrogen production by enriched mixed culture: Combination strategy and their microbial composition

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
20817 43192 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Batch fermentative hydrogen production by enriched mixed culture: Combination strategy and their microbial composition
Abstract

The effect of individual and combined mixed culture on dark fermentative hydrogen production performance was investigated. Mixed cultures from cow dung (C1), sewage sludge (C2), and pig slurry (C3) were enriched under strict anaerobic conditions at 37°C with glucose as the sole carbon source. Biochemical hydrogen production test in peptone-yeast-glucose (PYG) and basal medium was performed for individual mixed cultures (C1, C2 and C3) and their combinations (C1–C2, C2–C3, C1–C3 and C1–C2–C3) at a glucose concentration of 10 g/L, 37°C and initial pH 7. Maximum hydrogen yields (HY) of 2.0 and 1.86 molH2/molglucosemolH2/molglucose by C2, and 1.98 and 1.95 molH2/molglucosemolH2/molglucose by C2–C3 were obtained in PYG and basal medium, respectively. Butyrate and acetate were the major soluble metabolites produced by all the cultures, and the ratio of butyrate to acetate was ∼2 fold higher in basal medium than PYG medium, indicating strong influence of media formulation on glucose catabolism. The major hydrogen-producing bacterial strains, observed in all mixed cultures, belonged to Clostridium butyricum, C. saccharobutylicum, C. tertium and C. perfringens  . The hydrogen production performance of the combined mixed culture (C2–C3) was further evaluated on beverage wastewater (10 g/L) at pH 7 and 37°C. The results showed an HY of 1.92 molH2/molglucose-equivalentmolH2/molglucose-equivalent. Experimental evidence suggests that hydrogen fermentation by mixed culture combination could be a novel strategy to improve the HY from industrial wastewater.

Keywords
Enriched mixed culture; Beverage wastewater; Hydrogen yield; Soluble metabolic products; PCR-DGGE; Clostridium strains
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Batch fermentative hydrogen production by enriched mixed culture: Combination strategy and their microbial composition
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 117, Issue 2, February 2014, Pages 222–228
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us