fulltext.study @t Gmail

Comparative analysis of cardiomyocyte differentiation from human embryonic stem cells under 3-D and 2-D culture conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
20837 43193 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Comparative analysis of cardiomyocyte differentiation from human embryonic stem cells under 3-D and 2-D culture conditions
Abstract

Post-myocardial infarction cardiomyocytes are the most important target cell types for cardiac repair. Many of the applications envisaged for human embryonic stem cells (hESC)-derived cardiomyocytes demand that the differentiation procedure be robust, cost effective and high yielding. Various lines of evidence including our earlier study suggest that hESCs have distinct preferences to become heart cells. However, a direct comparison between different protocols has not yet been reported to date. Here, we performed a logical and systematic comparison of cardiomyocytes obtained from hESCs via embryoid bodies (EBs) in suspension versus adherent static cultures of feeder-free hES colonies representing three-dimensional (3-D) and two-dimensional (2-D) culture systems, respectively. An in-depth characterization of the beating cells revealed appropriate cardiac marker expression both at gene and protein levels. Despite using similar media, 3-D and 2-D cultures showed significant variation in growth and ability to form beating areas. While the expression of pre-cardiac mesoderm markers like GATA-4, HAND1, Myf5, Msx1, and BMP-IIR remained unaltered; levels of functional heart-specific markers such as MLC-2A/2V, cTnT, ANP, Phospholamban, α-MHC and KV4.3 were substantially up-regulated in 3-D compared to 2-D cultures. Concurrently we observed a sharp decline in the expression of ESC, ectoderm and endoderm markers including Oct-4, Sox-2, NFH, Sox-1, Sox-17 and AFP. Further immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry demonstrated a higher percentage of cells positive for Brachyury, desmin and cardiac troponin in 3-D cultures. Our results underscore the higher efficiency of cardiomyocytes derived via 3-D cultures. This finding enriches our basic understanding of the differentiation pattern in hESC-derived cardiomyocytes.

Keywords
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs); Differentiation; Cardiomyocytes; Cell therapy; 3-D and 2-D culture system
First Page Preview
Comparative analysis of cardiomyocyte differentiation from human embryonic stem cells under 3-D and 2-D culture conditions
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 115, Issue 2, February 2013, Pages 200–206
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us