fulltext.study @t Gmail

A mechanical evaluation of three decellularization methods in the design of a xenogeneic scaffold for tissue engineering the temporomandibular joint disc

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2093 100 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
A mechanical evaluation of three decellularization methods in the design of a xenogeneic scaffold for tissue engineering the temporomandibular joint disc
Abstract

Tissue-engineered temporomandibular joint (TMJ) discs offer a viable treatment option for patients with severe joint internal derangement. To date, only a handful of TMJ tissue engineering studies have been carried out and all have incorporated the use of synthetic scaffold materials. These current scaffolds have shown limited success in recapitulating morphological and functional aspects of the native disc tissue. The present study is the first to investigate the potential of a xenogeneic scaffold for use in tissue engineering the TMJ disc. The effects of decellularization agents on the disc’s mechanical properties were assessed using three common decellularization protocols: Triton X-100, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and an acetone/ethanol solution. Decellularized scaffolds were subsequently characterized through cyclic mechanical testing at physiologically relevant frequencies to determine which chemical agent most accurately preserved the native tissue properties. Results have shown that porcine discs treated with SDS most closely matched the energy dissipation capabilities and resistance to deformation of the native tissue. Treatments using Triton X-100 caused the resultant tissue to become relatively softer with inferior energy dissipation capabilities, while treatment using acetone/ethanol led to a significantly stiffer and dehydrated material. These findings support the potential of a porcine-derived scaffold decellularized by SDS as a xenograft for TMJ disc reconstruction.

Keywords
Tissue engineering; Temporomandibular joint; Xenogeneic scaffold; Mechanical properties; Hysteresis
First Page Preview
A mechanical evaluation of three decellularization methods in the design of a xenogeneic scaffold for tissue engineering the temporomandibular joint disc
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2008, Pages 808–816
Authors
, , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us