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Degradation of microcrystalline cellulose and non-pretreated plant biomass by a cell-free extracellular cellulase/hemicellulase system from the extreme thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
20961 43199 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Degradation of microcrystalline cellulose and non-pretreated plant biomass by a cell-free extracellular cellulase/hemicellulase system from the extreme thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii
Abstract

Caldicellulosiruptor bescii is a cellulolytic/hemicellulolytic anaerobe, which extracellularly secretes various proteins, including multidomain cellulases with two-catalytic domains, for plant biomass degradation. Degradation by C. bescii cells has been well characterized, but degradation by the cell-free extracellular cellulase/hemicellulase system (CEC) of C. bescii has not been as well studied. In the present study, C. bescii CEC was prepared from cell-free culture supernatant, and the degradation properties for defined substrates and non-pretreated plant biomass were characterized. Four multidomain cellulases (Cbes_1857, Cbes_1859, Cbes_1865, and Cbes_1867), composed of the glycoside hydrolase families 5, 9, 10, 44, and 48, were the major enzymes identified in the CEC by mass spectrometry. The CEC degraded xylan, mannose-based substrates, β-1,4-linked glucans, including microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel), and non-pretreated timothy grass and rice straw. However, degradation of chitin, pectin, dextran, and wheat starch was not observed. The optimum temperatures for degradation activities were 75°C for timothy grass and Avicel, 85°C for carboxylmethyl cellulose, and >85°C for xylan. The optimum pH for these substrates was 5–6. The degradation activities were compared with a CEC derived from the fungus Trichoderma reesei, the most common enzyme used for plant biomass saccharification. The amounts of degraded Avicel, timothy grass, and rice straw by C. bescii CEC were 2.2–2.4-fold larger than those of T. reesei CEC. The high hydrolytic activity of C. bescii CEC might be attributed to the two-catalytic domain architecture of the cellulases.

Keywords
Multidomain cellulase; Crystalline cellulose; Hemicellulose; Extreme thermophile; Anaerobe
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Degradation of microcrystalline cellulose and non-pretreated plant biomass by a cell-free extracellular cellulase/hemicellulase system from the extreme thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 115, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 64–70
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us