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Large-scale genome reorganization in Saccharomyces cerevisiae through combinatorial loss of mini-chromosomes

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
21197 43211 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Large-scale genome reorganization in Saccharomyces cerevisiae through combinatorial loss of mini-chromosomes
Abstract

A highly efficient technique, termed PCR-mediated chromosome splitting (PCS), was used to create cells containing a variety of genomic constitutions in a haploid strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using PCS, we constructed two haploid strains, ZN92 and SH6484, that carry multiple mini-chromosomes. In strain ZN92, chromosomes IV and XI were split into 16 derivative chromosomes, seven of which had no known essential genes. Strain SH6484 was constructed to have 14 mini-chromosomes carrying only non-essential genes by splitting chromosomes I, II, III, VIII, XI, XIII, XIV, XV, and XVI. Both strains were cultured under defined nutrient conditions and analyzed for combinatorial loss of mini-chromosomes. During culture, cells with various combinations of mini-chromosomes arose, indicating that genomic reorganization could be achieved by splitting chromosomes to generate mini-chromosomes followed by their combinatorial loss. We found that although non-essential mini-chromosomes were lost in various combinations in ZN92, one mini-chromosome (18 kb) that harbored 12 genes was not lost. This finding suggests that the loss of some combination of these 12 non-essential genes might result in synthetic lethality. We also found examples of genome-wide amplifications induced by mini-chromosome loss. In SH6484, the mitochondrial genome, as well as the copy number of genomic regions not contained in the mini-chromosomes, was specifically amplified. We conclude that PCS allows for genomic reorganization, in terms of both combinations of mini-chromosomes and gene dosage, and we suggest that PCS could be useful for the efficient production of desired compounds by generating yeast strains with optimized genomic constitutions.

Keywords
Large scale genome reorganization; PCR-mediated chromosome splitting; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; DNA microarray; Mini chromosome
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Large-scale genome reorganization in Saccharomyces cerevisiae through combinatorial loss of mini-chromosomes
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 113, Issue 6, June 2012, Pages 675–682
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us