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Amber codon-mediated expanded saturation mutagenesis of proteins using a cell-free translation system

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
21202 43211 2012 6 PDF Available
Title
Amber codon-mediated expanded saturation mutagenesis of proteins using a cell-free translation system
Abstract

Saturation mutagenesis of proteins, in which an amino acid at a specific site is substituted with each of the other 19 amino acids, is a powerful method for protein analysis and engineering. However, 19 mutated genes have to be prepared to express all possible amino acid-substituted proteins at one site. We previously reported a four-base codon-mediated saturation mutagenesis method for the expression of all 20 amino acid-substituted proteins from one four-base codon-containing gene using 20 types of chemically aminoacylated tRNAs corresponding to the four-base codon. In this study, an improved method for saturation mutagenesis using an amber codon was developed. By combining the use of Escherichia coli-derived amber suppressor tRNAs and chemically aminoacylated Mycoplasma-derived tRNAs, all 20 mutated proteins were successfully expressed from one amber mutant gene in a cell-free translation system. The use of E. coli-derived amber suppressor tRNAs simplified the preparation of the tRNA reagents required for saturation mutagenesis, and also improved the expression of some of the mutated proteins. The expressed mutant proteins were used to evaluate the effect of the amino acid substitutions on the ligand-binding activity. To further expand the possibilities of saturation mutagenesis, a series of nonnatural amino acids analogous to a naturally occurring amino acid was added to the amino acid repertoire. The expanded saturation mutagenesis was utilized to evaluate the effect of a series of atomic-level side chain substitutions on the protein activity.

Keywords
Protein engineering; Saturation mutagenesis; Cell-free translation; Amber codon; Nonnatural amino acid
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Amber codon-mediated expanded saturation mutagenesis of proteins using a cell-free translation system
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 113, Issue 6, June 2012, Pages 704–709
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us