Enhancement of β-glucosidase activity on the cell-surface of sake yeast by disruption of SED1
We determined the genetic background that would result in a more optimal display of heterologously expressed β-glucosidase (BGL) on the cell surface of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Amongst a collection of 28 strains carrying deletions in genes for glycosylphosphatidyl inositol (GPI)-anchored proteins, the Δsed1 and Δtos6 strains had significantly higher BGL-activity whilst maintaining wild type growth. Absence of Sed1p, which might facilitate incorporation of anchored BGL on the cell-surface, could also influence the activity of BGL on the cell surface with the heterologous gene being placed under the control of the SED1 promoter. For the evaluation of its industrial applicability we tested this system in heterologous and homogenous SED1-disruptants of sake yeast, a diploid S. cerevisiae strain, in which either the SED1 ORF or the complete gene including the promoter was deleted by use of the high-efficiency loss of heterozygosity method. Evaluation of disruptants displaying BGL showed that deletion of the SED1 ORF enhanced BGL activity on the cell surface, while additional deletion of the SED1 promoter increased further BGL activity on the cell surface. Compared to heterozygous disruption, homozygous disruption resulted generally in a higher BGL activity. Thus, homozygous deletion of both SED1 gene and promoter resulted in the most efficient display of BGL reaching a 1.6-fold increase of BGL-activity compared to wild type.
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 109, Issue 5, May 2010, Pages 442–446