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Aflatoxin non-productivity of Aspergillus oryzae caused by loss of function in the aflJ gene product

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
21281 43215 2011 6 PDF Available
Title
Aflatoxin non-productivity of Aspergillus oryzae caused by loss of function in the aflJ gene product
Abstract

Aspergillus oryzae, although closely related to Aspergillus flavus, does not produce aflatoxin (AF). A. oryzae RIB strains can be classified into three groups (group 1–3) based on the structure of the AF biosynthesis gene homolog cluster (AFHC). In group 1 strains, where AFHC is present, the expression level of the aflR gene is extremely low and there is no expression of the other four AF homologue genes (avnA, verB, omtA and vbs). We conducted a detailed structural comparison of AFLR ORF and AFLJ ORF from A. oryzae and A. flavus and identified several amino-acid substitutions. If these substitutions induce inactivation of AFLR and AFLJ, AF biosynthesis of A. oryzae will be doubly inhibited at the transcriptional and translational level. In this study, we transferred aflR and aflJ to A. oryzae RIB67, a group 2 strain where more than half of AFHC is missing. Under control of the pgkA promoter, aflR and aflJ was expressed and avnA, verB, omtA and vbs gene expression were monitored by RT-PCR. We prepared six types of forced-expression vectors, including aflR (from A. oryzae RIB40 or its three mutants) or aflJ (from A. oryzae RIB40 or A. flavus RIB4011). RT-PCR analysis showed that transformants containing aflJ from A. oryzae displayed no expression of AF biosynthetic homologue genes, whereas aflR substitutions had no such effect. These results strongly suggest that the amino-acid substitutions in AFLJ of A. oryzae induce inactivation at the protein level.

Keywords
Aspergillus oryzae; Aspergillus flavus; aflJ; aflR; Nonaflatoxigenicity
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Aflatoxin non-productivity of Aspergillus oryzae caused by loss of function in the aflJ gene product
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 111, Issue 5, May 2011, Pages 512–517
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us