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Molecular cloning and characterization of a β-glucanase from Piromyces rhizinflatus

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
21286 43215 2011 6 PDF Available
Title
Molecular cloning and characterization of a β-glucanase from Piromyces rhizinflatus
Abstract

Cellulose is the most abundant renewable polysaccharide with a high potential for degradation to useful end products. In nature, most cellulose is produced as crystalline cellulose. Therefore, cellulases with high hydrolytic activity against crystalline cellulose are of great interest. In this study, a crystalline cellulose degradation enzyme was investigated. The cDNA encoding a β-glucanase, CbhYW23-2, was cloned from the ruminal fungus Piromyces rhizinflatus. To examine the enzyme activities, CbhYW23-2 was expressed in Escherichia coli as a recombinant His6 fusion protein and purified by immobilized metal ion-affinity chromatography. Response surface modeling (RSM) combined with central composite design (CCD) and regression analysis was then employed for the planned statistical optimization of the β-glucanase activities of CbhYW23-2. The optimal conditions for the highest β-glucanase activity of CbhYW23-2 were observed at 46.4°C and pH 6.0. The results suggested that RSM combined with CCD and regression analysis were effective in determining optimized temperature and pH conditions for the enzyme activity of CbhYW23-2. CbhYW23-2 also showed hydrolytic activities toward Avicel, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), lichenan, and pachyman. The results also proved that the high activity of CbhYW23-2 on crystalline cellulose makes it a promising candidate enzyme for biotechnological and industrial applications.

Keywords
Piromyces rhizinflatus; β-Glucanase; Response surface methodology; Optimization
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Molecular cloning and characterization of a β-glucanase from Piromyces rhizinflatus
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 111, Issue 5, May 2011, Pages 541–546
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us