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Delivery of doxorubicin and paclitaxel from double-layered microparticles: The effects of layer thickness and dual-drug vs. single-drug loading

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
213 17 2015 13 PDF Available
Title
Delivery of doxorubicin and paclitaxel from double-layered microparticles: The effects of layer thickness and dual-drug vs. single-drug loading
Abstract

Double-layered microparticles composed of poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid, 50:50) (PLGA) and poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) were loaded with doxorubicin HCl (DOX) and paclitaxel (PCTX) through a solvent evaporation technique. DOX was localized in the PLGA shell, while PCTX was localized in the PLLA core. The aim of this study was to investigate how altering layer thickness of dual-drug, double-layered microparticles can influence drug release kinetics and their antitumor capabilities, and against single-drug microparticles. PCTX-loaded double-layered microparticles with denser shells retarded the initial release of PCTX, as compared with dual-drug-loaded microparticles. The DOX release from both DOX-loaded and dual-drug-loaded microparticles were observed to be similar with an initial burst. Through specific tailoring of layer thicknesses, a suppressed initial burst of DOX and a sustained co-delivery of two drugs can be achieved over 2 months. Viability studies using spheroids of MCF-7 cells showed that controlled co-delivery of PCTX and DOX from dual-drug-loaded double-layered microparticles were better in reducing spheroid growth rate. This study provides mechanistic insights into how by tuning the layer thickness of double-layered microparticles the release kinetics of two drugs can be controlled, and how co-delivery can potentially achieve better anticancer effects.Statement of SignificanceWhile the release of multiple drugs has been reported to achieve successful apoptosis and minimize drug resistance, most conventional particulate systems can only deliver a single drug at a time. Recently, although a number of formulations (e.g. micellar nanoparticles, liposomes) have been successful in delivering two or more anticancer agents, sustained co-delivery of these agents remains inadequate due to the complex agent loading processes and rapid release of hydrophilic agents. Therefore, the present work reports the multilayered particulate system that simultaneously hosts different drugs, while being able to tune their individual release over months. We believe that our findings would be of interest to the readers of Acta Biomaterialia because the proposed system could open a new avenue on how two drugs can be released, through rate-controlling carriers, for combination chemotherapy.

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Keywords
Biodegradable polymer; Chemotherapy; Drug delivery; Microparticles; Multicellular spheroids
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 27, November 2015, Pages 53–65
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us