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Alkoxyresorufin O-dealkylase assay using a rat hepatocyte spheroid microarray

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
21361 43218 2010 5 PDF Available
Title
Alkoxyresorufin O-dealkylase assay using a rat hepatocyte spheroid microarray
Abstract

Hepatocyte multicellular aggregates (spheroids), which maintain high expression of liver functions, have been advocated as a useful culture technique for various cell-based assays. In this study, we investigated the drug metabolic function of a hepatocyte spheroid microarray (HSM) chip, which contained an array of 672 spheroids of primary rat hepatocytes within a 100-mm2 region in the center of a poly(methylmethacrylate) plate (24 × 24 mm) and used an alkoxyresorufin (ethoxy-, methoxy-, pentoxy- and benzyloxyresorufin) O-dealkylase assay system. Ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (EROD) activity of the HSM chip initiated by 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC), an inducer of cytochrome P450 enzymes, was 5- to 10-fold higher than that of monolayer hepatocytes, with activity being maintained for at least 2 weeks. We also demonstrated that 3-MC induced EROD, methoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (MROD) and benzyloxyresorufin O-dealkylase (BROD) activities in the HSM chip, while sodium phenobarbital (P450 inducer) induced pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (PROD), BROD, EROD and MROD activities. Induction of these activities was confirmed by increased gene expression of the related P450 enzymes. These results showed that the HSM chip had a good response to P450 inducers and that function was maintained for long periods of time. The HSM chip therefore may be a promising cellular platform for drug metabolic assays using hepatocytes.

Keywords
Rat hepatocyte; Spheroid; Microchip; Cytochrome P450; Alkoxyresorufin; Resorufin
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 109, Issue 4, April 2010, Pages 395–399
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us