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Streptococcus thermophilus produces exopolysaccharides including hyaluronic acid

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
21417 43221 2009 5 PDF Available
Title
Streptococcus thermophilus produces exopolysaccharides including hyaluronic acid
Abstract

Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an important material for medical, cosmetic and food applications. HA is obtained commercially from rooster combs and the fermentation of streptococci. However, the safety problems such as hyaluronidase or exotoxin contamination remain controversial. To reduce the risk of hyaluronidase or exotoxin contamination, we attempted to isolate strains of Streptococcus thermophilus with high productivity of useful exopolysaccharides (EPSs) including HA from traditional dairy food products. Forty-six S. thermophilus strains were isolated from dairy food products, and examined of their HA production using a HA binding protein method. According to the results, six S. thermophilus strains produced EPSs including HA. S. thermophilus YIT 2084 had a markedly high HA productivity (approximately 8 mg/l). We focused on the high-molecular-mass fraction of EPS (2000 kDa) from S. thermophilus YIT 2084. By using high-performance liquid chromatography, it was found that a high-molecular-mass fraction of EPS included N-acetylglucosamine (54.4%) and glucuronic acid (45.6%), which are components of HA. Furthermore, 13C-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy showed that the spectra of the high-molecular-mass fraction corresponded well to those of commercial HA. Here, we described for the first time that S. thermophilus, which is a generally recognized safe bacterium, produces HA. The novel HA-producing bacterium S thermophilus YIT 2084 has great potential for applications in the medical, cosmetic and food fields, although its culture conditions remain to be improved.

Keywords
Streptococcus thermophilus; Milk; Exopolysaccharide; Hyaluronic acid; Hyaluronic acid binding protein; 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone method; Hyaluronidase
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 107, Issue 2, February 2009, Pages 119–123
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us