Transient gene expression in guard cell chloroplasts of tobacco using ArF excimer laser microablation
In this paper, we report a novel method for delivering genes into chloroplasts of tobacco cells using laser microablation. The plasmid pLD200-GFP was introduced into chloroplasts of Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi guard cells and transient GFP expression was detected in the chloroplasts after 2–3 d of incubation. The technique uses an argon fluoride (ArF) excimer laser to perforate the cell surface in a 4 μm2 area in the presence of plasmid coated gold microparticles. Pretreatment of guard cells to promote stomatal closure prior to laser ablation resulted in a significant increase in the survival rate of cells and a transient expression rate of 2–3% in trial number basis was archived. Our method has unique advantages such as avoiding laborious pretreatments that adversely affect cell viability and specific delivery of transgenes into a desired cell in complex leaf tissue. This technique is a potential tool for cell specific transient gene expression studies for elucidation of gene regulation and expression.
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 106, Issue 2, August 2008, Pages 194–198