fulltext.study @t Gmail

Properties and substrate specificities of proteolytic enzymes from the edible basidiomycete Grifola frondosa

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
21861 43240 2009 5 PDF Available
Title
Properties and substrate specificities of proteolytic enzymes from the edible basidiomycete Grifola frondosa
Abstract

Highly active proteolytic enzymes are found in the fruiting bodies of Grifola frondosa. The general properties and substrate specificities of these proteases from G. frondosa (ProGF) were studied. The optimal pH for ProGF activity was pH 3 or 7 using hemoglobin or Hammersten casein as a substrate, respectively. The ProGF exhibited over 70% of maximal activity within the pH range of 4.5–8.5. In terms of temperature, the ProGF were maximally active at 55 °C, while over 80% of maximal activity was observed within the range of 50–75 °C. These proteases were substrate-specific, mainly cleaving at Ala14-Leu15, Tyr16-Leu17, and Pro28-Lys29 bonds, with occasional cleavage of Phe24-Phe25 bonds in the oxidized insulin B-chain. The ProGF also liberated hydrophobic amino acids, such as valine, leucine, and phenylalanine, using the oxidized insulin B-chain as a substrate. When soy protein was used as a substrate, valine, leucine, phenylalanine, and tyrosine were selectively released from the hydrolysate. Thus, over the time course of incubation, the peptide concentration increased as the average peptide chain length decreased. These results indicate that the ProGF include both endopeptidases recognizing leucine, phenylalanine, and lysine at the P1′ position, and aminopeptidases preferentially releasing hydrophobic and aromatic amino acids such as valine, leucine, phenylalanine, and tyrosine.

Keywords
Grifola frondosa; Proteolytic enzyme; Protein hydrolysate; Substrate specificity; Food processing
First Page Preview
Properties and substrate specificities of proteolytic enzymes from the edible basidiomycete Grifola frondosa
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 107, Issue 6, June 2009, Pages 605–609
Authors
, , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us