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Purification and identification of proteolytic enzymes from Aspergillus oryzae capable of producing the antihypertensive peptide Ile-Pro-Pro

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
21863 43240 2009 5 PDF Available
Title
Purification and identification of proteolytic enzymes from Aspergillus oryzae capable of producing the antihypertensive peptide Ile-Pro-Pro
Abstract

Two proteolytic enzymes capable of releasing the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor Ile-Pro-Pro from casein were identified by purification of an Aspergillus oryzae extract by three-step column chromatography. First, proteins capable of producing Ile-Pro-Pro from β-casein were eluted using a DEAE-sepharose FF column with a linear sodium chloride gradient. An endopeptidase capable of releasing Pro-Ile-Pro-Gln-Ser-Leu-Pro-Gln-Asn-Ile-Pro-Pro from Pro-Ile-Pro-Gln-Ser-Leu-Pro-Gln-Asn-Ile-Pro-Pro-Leu-Thr-Gln and an aminopeptidase producing Ile-Pro-Pro from Gln-Asn-Ile-Pro-Pro were separated from the resultant fraction using a hydroxyapatite column. Each active enzyme was then loaded onto a Develosil 300Diol gel filtration column for high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and purified to homogeneity.The endopeptidase had a molecular mass of approximately 46,000 Da and exhibited an N-terminal amino acid sequence identical to that of neutral protease I (NP I) of A. oryzae. Meanwhile, the aminopeptidase had a molecular mass of 36,000 Da and an N-terminal amino acid sequence similar to that of Leucine aminopeptidase (LAP), as reported in Aspergillus sojae and A. oryzae. The eluted endopeptidase and aminopeptidase were thus identified as NP I and LAP, respectively.Analysis of peptide production using synthetic proteins containing an Ile-Pro-Pro sequence showed that NP I processed the C-terminal end and LAP processed the N terminus to produce Ile-Pro-Pro. While Ile-Pro-Pro was successfully produced from casein by the addition of these two purified enzymes, it was not generated with the addition of only a single enzyme. Based on our experimental findings, we suggest that NP I and LAP are key proteolytic enzymes in the release of Ile-Pro-Pro from casein in A. oryzae.

Keywords
Antihypertensive peptides; Aspergillus oryzae; Ile-Pro-Pro; Neutral protease I; Leucine aminopeptidase
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Purification and identification of proteolytic enzymes from Aspergillus oryzae capable of producing the antihypertensive peptide Ile-Pro-Pro
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 107, Issue 6, June 2009, Pages 615–619
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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