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Gene cloning and enzymatic properties of hyperthermostable β-glycosidase from Thermus thermophilus HJ6

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
21949 43245 2009 6 PDF Available
Title
Gene cloning and enzymatic properties of hyperthermostable β-glycosidase from Thermus thermophilus HJ6
Abstract

A microorganism (strain HJ6) producing extracellular β-glycosidase was isolated from a hot springs located in Arima-cho, Hyogo, Japan. The cells were long-rods (2–4 μm) about 0.4 μm in diameter, and formed yellow-colored colonies, like most other strains of the genus Thermus. The pH and temperature for optimal growth were 6.5 and 80 °C. Thus, the HJ6 strain displayed a higher optimal temperature than other described Thermus sp. The gene encoding β-glycosidase (TtβGly) was cloned, sequenced, and comprised of 1296 nucleotides encoding a protein (431 amino acids) with a predicted molecular mass of 48.7 kDa. TtβGly was expressed in Escherichia coli cells, and the recombinant protein was purified to homogeneity. The optimal temperature and pH for β-glycosidase activity were found to be 90 °C and 8.5, respectively. The half-life of heat inactivation was about 30 min at 95 °C indicating that TtβGly had higher thermostability than β-glycosidases from other Thermus sp. The results of the kinetics experiment indicated that β-d-fucoside and β-d-glucoside were better substrates of TtβGly than β-d-galactoside. The catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of TtβGly at 80 °C increased 70-fold to that at 40 °C, indicating that this enzyme was activated at high temperatures. Thin layer chromatography showed that the enzyme had transglycosylation activity at high temperature and that various transfer products were formed in the reaction with lactose or cellobiose.

Keywords
β-glycosidase; Kinetics; Thermostability; Thermus thermophilus; Transglycosylation
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Gene cloning and enzymatic properties of hyperthermostable β-glycosidase from Thermus thermophilus HJ6
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 107, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages 21–26
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us