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Biosynthesis of poly-β-hydroxyalkanoate by Brevundimonas vesicularis LMG P-23615 and Sphingopyxis macrogoltabida LMG 17324 using acid-hydrolyzed sawdust as carbon source

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
21972 43246 2007 5 PDF Available
Title
Biosynthesis of poly-β-hydroxyalkanoate by Brevundimonas vesicularis LMG P-23615 and Sphingopyxis macrogoltabida LMG 17324 using acid-hydrolyzed sawdust as carbon source
Abstract

Poly-β-hydroxyalkanoate (PHA) is a biodegradable polymer accumulated in intracellular granules by different bacterial species. Its physical and chemical properties are similar to those of petroleum-derived plastics. Material generated by the acid hydrolysis of wood was evaluated for use in the bacterial synthesis of PHA. Acid-hydrolyzed sawdust was prepared and adjusted to pH 7. Mineral salts with carbon:nitrogen (C:N) proportions of 100:1, 100:3.5, 100:10, 100:30, or 100:50 and trace elements were added and these solutions were inoculated with a bacterial strain Brevundimonas vesicularis LMG P-23615 or Sphingopyxis macrogoltabida LMG 17324. The percentage of cells accumulating PHA was evaluated by flow cytometry. The hydrolyzed sawdust composition was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The organic material (601.5 mg l−1) contained 112.5 mg l−1 sugars. Over 96% of these sugars were consumed and more than 90% of the bacterial cells accumulated PHA. The 100:3.5 C:N proportion was optimal for growth and PHA synthesis, with yields ranging from 64% to 72% of the dry cell weight. The results suggest that acid-hydrolyzed sawdust can be used by bacteria as a carbon source for growth and PHA production. This forestry by sub-product offers a low-cost alternative for obtaining biodegradable plastics (e.g., PHA) synthesized by bacteria.

Keywords
poly-β-hydroxyalkanoate; acid-hydrolyzed sawdust
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Biosynthesis of poly-β-hydroxyalkanoate by Brevundimonas vesicularis LMG P-23615 and Sphingopyxis macrogoltabida LMG 17324 using acid-hydrolyzed sawdust as carbon source
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 103, Issue 6, June 2007, Pages 542–546
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us