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Potential inhibitory effects of d-allose, a rare sugar, on liver preneoplastic lesion development in F344 rat medium-term bioassay

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
22094 43253 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Potential inhibitory effects of d-allose, a rare sugar, on liver preneoplastic lesion development in F344 rat medium-term bioassay
Abstract

d-Allose, the C-3 epimer of d-glucose, is a monosaccharide present in minute quantities in nature and a rare sugar. The effects of d-allose on diethyl nitrosamine (DEN)-induced hepatocarcinogenesis were examined in male F344 rats by a rat medium-term bioassay based on the two-step model of hepatocarcinogenesis (experiment 1). In addition, a DNA microarray analysis was employed to clarify possible mechanisms of action of d-allose (experiment 2). The antioxidation potential of d-allose solution itself or of serum in rats treated with d-allose was also examined directly by measuring Cu+-reducing antioxidation power (experiment 3). Furthermore, to investigate the effects of d-allose in vivo under conditions of oxidative stress, it was administered with a choline-deficient, l-amino acid-defined diet (CDAA) in the medium-term liver carcinogenesis bioassay (experiment 4). Experiment 1 demonstrated no effects of d-allose on the development of glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P) positive foci in the liver. From DNA microarray analysis, several mRNA markers were found to be altered with functions related to apoptosis and cell proliferation (experiment 2), although d-allose itself and serum in vivo exhibited no antioxidation power directly (experiment 3). When d-allose was administered with the CDAA diet, decreases in the area and number of GST-P positive foci were noted with P values of 0.158 for area (%) and 0.061 for number (/cm2) (experiment 4). These results suggest the potential inhibitory effect of d-allose on liver carcinogenesis, particularly under oxidative stress conditions.

Keywords
d-allose; rare sugar; liver carcinogenesis; medium-term bioassay; choline deficient; oxygen radicals
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Potential inhibitory effects of d-allose, a rare sugar, on liver preneoplastic lesion development in F344 rat medium-term bioassay
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 105, Issue 5, May 2008, Pages 545–553
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us