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Isolation and characterization of acidophilic heterotrophic iron-oxidizing bacterium from enrichment culture obtained from acid mine drainage treatment plant

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
22196 43260 2007 7 PDF Available
Title
Isolation and characterization of acidophilic heterotrophic iron-oxidizing bacterium from enrichment culture obtained from acid mine drainage treatment plant
Abstract

An acidophilic heterotrophic bacterium, designated as HIB4, having the ability to oxidize ferrous ion was newly isolated from a sample of an enrichment culture for iron-oxidizing bacteria, using the modified washed agarose/yeast extract (WAYE) medium with ferrous sulphate. The isolate HIB4 was an acidophilic, heterotrophic, mesophilic and gram-positive bacterium. Phylogenetically, it was classified under the genus Alicyclobacillus and was the closest to Alicyclobacillus disulfidooxidans SD-11 with 99.7% 16S rDNA homology. It grew and oxidized ferrous ion in the medium containing 0.02% (w/v) yeast extract. Yeast extract was an essential substrate for this bacterium because it could not grow or oxidize ferrous ion without yeast extract. However, a higher concentration of yeast extract inhibited the growth of HIB4, so that the optimum concentration of yeast extract for this bacterium to grow was 0.02% (w/v) at 0.08 mol/l of ferrous ion. On the other hand, ferrous ion oxidation occurred almost at the end of the bacterium's logarithmic growth phase and the isolate was able to grow without ferrous ion. These results denote that HIB4 did not obtain any energy from the ferrous ion oxidation and that HIB4 is an obligate heterotrophic and aerobic bacterium even though it oxidized ferrous ion. Also, HIB4 could not utilize any organic compounds, among the several organic chemicals used in this study, as a carbon source except yeast extract. These characteristics were completely different from these of A. disulfidooxidans SD-11 so that HIB4 might be a different species.

Keywords
Alicyclobacillus; heterotrophic iron-oxidizing bacterium; yeast extract; characterization
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Isolation and characterization of acidophilic heterotrophic iron-oxidizing bacterium from enrichment culture obtained from acid mine drainage treatment plant
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 104, Issue 2, August 2007, Pages 117–123
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us