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Beneficial biofilm formation by industrial bacteria Bacillus subtilis and related species

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
22233 43263 2006 8 PDF Available
Title
Beneficial biofilm formation by industrial bacteria Bacillus subtilis and related species
Abstract

Biofilms are densely packed multicellular communities of microorganisms attached to a surface or interface. Bacteria seem to initiate biofilm formation in response to specific environmental cues, such as nutrient and oxygen availability. Biofilms undergo dynamic changes during their transition from free-living organisms to sessile biofilm cells, including the specific production of secondary metabolites and a significant increase in the resistivity to biological, chemical, and physical assaults. Bacillus subtilis is an industrially important bacterium exhibiting developmental stages. It forms rough biofilms at the air-liquid interface rather than on the surface of a solid phase in a liquid, due to the aerotaxis of the cells. Biofilm formation by B. subtilis and related species permits the control of infection caused by plant pathogens, the reduction of mild steel corrosion, and the exploration of novel compounds. Although it is obviously important to control harmful biofilm formation, the exploitation of beneficial biofilms formed by such industrial bacteria may lead to a new biotechnology.

Keywords
biofilm; Bacillus; biocontrol; corrosion; bioreactor; bioremediation
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Beneficial biofilm formation by industrial bacteria Bacillus subtilis and related species
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 101, Issue 1, January 2006, Pages 1–8
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
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