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Fate of transforming bacterial genome following incorporation into competent cells of Bacillus subtilis: a continuous length of incorporated DNA

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
22317 43268 2006 6 PDF Available
Title
Fate of transforming bacterial genome following incorporation into competent cells of Bacillus subtilis: a continuous length of incorporated DNA
Abstract

In contrast to the conventional transformation of Bacillus subtilis using purified DNA, those using DNA in lysed protoplasts have a high transformation efficiency and enable whole-genome transfer into competent B. subtilis [Akamatsu, T. and Taguchi, H., Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 65, 823–829 (2001)]. Here, we examined the length of incorporated continuous DNA by analyzing the cotransfer ratio with selected and unselected markers, on the basis of a new experimental design. The cotransfer ratio of a selected marker with an unselected marker on the opposite side of the genetic map of the B. subtilis chromosome was about 5.6% and could be interpreted as congression (double transformation) ratio. In the wild-type strain, the cotransfer ratio of cysA (113 kb position on 4215 kb of B. subtilis chromosome) with metC (1384 kb) and leuB (2891 kb) was 0.77%, twice the value (5.6%×5.6%=0.31%) calculated from the congression ratio. Moreover, in a genetic background, the cotransfer ratios of metC with cysA and leuB, and metC with cysA and arg1 (3012 kb) were 2.7% and 7.2%, respectively. These results strongly suggest that the length of continuous DNA incorporated into B. subtilis is most probably greater than 1271 kb. When the DNA from the protoplast lysate was fragmented by mixing, the cotransfer ratios of arg1 with metC, and arg1 with metC and trpC (2374 kb) were 2.8% and 0.16%, respectively. A high cotransfer ratio (2.7–7.2%) could not, therefore, be obtained using the fragmented DNA. Based on these observations, we propose a working hypothesis on the mechanism of the transformation of competent B. subtilis by DNA in protoplast lysates (LP transformation).

Keywords
Bacillus subtilis; competent; transformation; DNA uptake; continuous length
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 101, Issue 3, March 2006, Pages 257–262
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us