Partial nitrification of ammonium-rich wastewater as pretreatment for anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox) using membrane aeration bioreactor
A lab-scale membrane aeration bioreactor (MBR) system was developed for treating synthetic ammonium-rich wastewater to yield an appropriate NO2−/NH4+ mixture as a pretreatment for anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox). The effluent with a suitable NO2−/NH4+ ratio (1:1 to 1:1.3) was obtained in 24 h using the developed MBR system under suitable conditions. Additionally, the control of bulk dissolved oxygen (DO) level under a desired condition (anoxic condition) was easier and more economical than traditional aeration systems. An optimal initial alkalinity of 1500 mg CaCO3l−1 was necessary for achieving 50% partial nitrification of wastewater with an initial ammonium concentration of 510 mg NH4-N l−1 within 24 h. Furthermore, there is no need for pH adjustment by adding a base or an acid throughout the reaction if the initial alkalinity is appropriately controlled. Both the appropriate NO2−/NH4+ ratio and the low DO level make this MBR system an ideal system for Anammox.
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 104, Issue 3, September 2007, Pages 182–187