Novel substrate specificity of d-arabinose isomerase from Klebsiella pneumoniae and its application to production of d-altrose from d-psicose
d-Arabinose isomerase from Klebsiella pneumoniae 40bXX was purified 12-fold with a 62.5% yield indicated by its electrophoretic homogeneity. The purified enzyme showed the highest activities toward d-arabinose and l-fucose as substrates at optimum conditions (50 mM glycine–NaOH, pH 9.0, 40°C). The enzyme had a broad range of substrate specificities toward various d/l-aldoses, i.e., d-arabinose, l-fucose, d/l-xylose, d-mannose, d/l-lyxose, l-glucose, d-altrose and d/l-galactose. The equilibrium ratios between d-arabinose and d-ribulose, l-fucose and l-fuculose, d-altrose and d-psicose, and l-galactose and l-tagatose were 90:10, 90:10, 13:87 and 25:75, respectively. Using a combination of the immobilized d-tagatose 3-epimerase and d-arabinose isomerase, we achieved the production of d-altrose from d-fructose in a batch reactor. We successfully produced approximately 12 g of d-altrose from 200 g of d-fructose in a reaction series with an overall yield of 6%. The product obtained was confirmed to be d-altrose by HPLC and 13C-NMR. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the production of d-altrose from a cheap sugar, d-fructose, using an enzymatic method.
Journal: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Volume 102, Issue 5, November 2006, Pages 436–441