Cyanobacterial chemical production
•Production of various hydrocarbons from CO2 in cyanobacteria.•Metabolic engineering approaches to improve chemical production in cyanobacteria.•Synthetic biology tools to improve chemical production in cyanobacteria.
The increase in global temperatures caused by rising CO2 levels necessitates the development of alternative sources of fuel and chemicals. One appealing alternative that has been receiving increased attention in recent years is the photosynthetic conversion of atmospheric CO2 to biofuels and chemical products using genetically engineered cyanobacteria. This can help to not only provide an alternate “greener” source for some of the most popular petroleum based products but it can also help to reduce atmospheric CO2. Utilizing cyanobacteria rather than plants allows for reduced land requirements and reduces competition with food crops. This review discusses advancements in the field since 2012 with a particular emphasis on production of hydrocarbons.
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 231, 10 August 2016, Pages 106–114