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Enhanced incorporation yield of cysteine for glutathione overproduction by fed-batch fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
22782 43384 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Enhanced incorporation yield of cysteine for glutathione overproduction by fed-batch fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Abstract

•A feeding strategy via RQ-control for HCD in S. cerevisiae was developed.•The best performing fermentation process was transferred into a pilot plant.•A repeated fed-batch process with continuous cysteine feeding is demonstrated.•Continuous cysteine feeding leads to highest GSH/cysteine yields and biomasses.•Highest performance in GSH production was 1651 ± 43 mg per liter broth after 36 h.

In the following work a high cell density fed-batch process with Saccharomyces cerevisiae coupled with a high efficient incorporation of cysteine for glutathione (GSH) overproduction was developed. Therefore, a feeding strategy based on the respiratory quotient (RQ) was applied to ensure high biomass (96.1 g/l). Furthermore, the optimal cysteine concentration and time of cysteine addition were investigated. Low concentrations of cysteine at late fermentation phases resulted in relatively high incorporation yields of about 0.40 mol/mol and maintained the physiology of cultivated yeast. By changing the cysteine feeding from standard single shot to continuous addition, an often observed cell specific toxicity, triggered by high cysteine concentrations, could be prevented and the cysteine incorporation yield (0.54 ± 0.01 mol/mol) and GSH content (1650.7 ± 42.8 mg/l; 1.76 ± 0.08%) were maximized, respectively. The developed process was transferred from laboratory into pilot plant scale. Further, the reduced cell specific toxicity enabled the development of a repeated fed-batch procedure with a suitable performance concerning cysteine incorporation yield (0.40 ± 0.1 mol/mol), biomass (84.2 ± 1.2 g/l) and GSH content (1304.7 ± 61.4 mg/l).

Keywords
Glutathione enriched yeast; Fed-batch strategy; Scale-up; Glutathione overproduction; Repeated fed-batch; Cysteine incorporation yield
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Enhanced incorporation yield of cysteine for glutathione overproduction by fed-batch fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 216, 20 December 2015, Pages 131–139
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us