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Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio affects the biomass composition and the fatty acid profile of heterotrophically grown Chlorella sp. TISTR 8990 for biodiesel production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
22786 43384 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio affects the biomass composition and the fatty acid profile of heterotrophically grown Chlorella sp. TISTR 8990 for biodiesel production
Abstract

•In the dark, the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio (C/N) affects productivity of algae.•The optimal C/N ratios are different for production of the biomass and the oil.•In Chlorella sp., biotin does not affect the oil content of the biomass.•Oil productivity is greater in heterotrophic growth relative to photosynthetic growth.

Chlorella sp. TISTR 8990 was cultivated heterotrophically in media with various initial carbon-to-nitrogen ratios (C/N ratio) and at different agitation speeds. The production of the biomass, its total fatty acid content and the composition of the fatty acids were affected by the C/N ratio, but not by agitation speed in the range examined. The biomass production was maximized at a C/N mass ratio of 29:1. At this C/N ratio, the biomass productivity was 0.68 g L−1 d−1, or nearly 1.6-fold the best attainable productivity in photoautotrophic growth. The biomass yield coefficient on glucose was 0.62 g g−1 during exponential growth. The total fatty acids (TFAs) in the freeze-dried biomass were maximum (459 mg g−1) at a C/N ratio of 95:1. Lower values of the C/N ratio reduced the fatty acid content of the biomass. The maximum productivity of TFAs (186 mg L−1 d−1) occurred at C/N ratios of 63:1 and higher. At these conditions, the fatty acids were mostly of the polyunsaturated type. Allowing the alga to remain in the stationary phase for a prolonged period after N-depletion, reduced the level of monounsaturated fatty acids and the level of polyunsaturated fatty acids increased. Biotin supplementation of the culture medium reduced the biomass productivity relative to biotin-free control, but had no effect on the total fatty acid content of the biomass.

Keywords
Biodiesel; C/N ratio; Chlorella; Fatty acid composition; Heterotrophic growth; Microalgae
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Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio affects the biomass composition and the fatty acid profile of heterotrophically grown Chlorella sp. TISTR 8990 for biodiesel production
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 216, 20 December 2015, Pages 169–177
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us