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Stability of single copy transgene expression in CHOK1 cells is affected by histone modifications but not by DNA methylation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
22933 43401 2015 15 PDF Available
Title
Stability of single copy transgene expression in CHOK1 cells is affected by histone modifications but not by DNA methylation
Abstract

•More than 100 CHO clones with single copy integration of transgenes were investigated with respect to intraclonal expression heterogeneity.•Histone acetylation (not DNA methylation) was identified as the crucial mechanism underlying heterogeneity in transgene expression in the CMV promoter.•Most clones were susceptible to treatment with HDAC inhibitors in a transient manner, whereby expression became more homogenous.•A bias-free approach revealed the conditions and requirements for restoration of transgene expression pattern upon RMCE mediated chromosomal targeting of transgene cassettes.

Intraclonal heterogeneity of genetically modified mammalian cells has been observed as a phenomenon that has a strong impact on overall transgene expression levels and that limits the predictability of transgene expression in genetically modified cells, thereby hampering single cell based screening approaches. The underlying mechanism(s) leading to this variance are poorly understood. To study the dynamics and mechanisms of heterogeneity of early stage silencing we analyzed the expression in more than 100 independent clones of CHOK1 cells that harbour genetically stable integrates of single copy reporter cassettes driven by EF1α and CMV promoters. Single cell analysis showed intraclonal variability with heterogeneity in expression in genetically uniform populations. DNA methylation is a well known mechanism responsible for silencing of gene expression. Interestingly, loss of expression was not associated with DNA methylation of the CMV promoter. However, in most of the clonal populations expression could be increased by inhibitors of the histone deacetylases (HDACi) suggesting that heterogeneity of transgene expression is crucially governed by histone modifications. Further, to determine if the epigenetic status of transgene expression is governed by the chromosomal integration locus we targeted heterologous expression cassettes into two chromosomal sites using recombinase mediated cassette exchange (RMCE). The expression status of a particular clone was faithfully re-established when the same promoter used. In this way the problem of early stage cell clone instability can be bypassed. However, upon introduction of an unrelated promoter methylation-independent silencing was observed. Together, these results suggest that histone modifications are the relevant mechanisms by which epigenetic modulation of transgene expression cassettes is governed in the early phase of clone generation.

Keywords
Epigenetic stability; Silencing of recombinant gene expression; Heterogeneity; DNA methylation; HDACi
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Stability of single copy transgene expression in CHOK1 cells is affected by histone modifications but not by DNA methylation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 195, 10 February 2015, Pages 15–29
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us